Weather Conditions (hc 226 – 237)
Rain & Wet Roads – increased stopping distances, Glare / flooding / aquaplaning.(HC 227)
In the wet weather conditions, remember that your stopping is increased by at least double. If your visibility reduces, you should use your dipped headlights. Always take extra care when stopping.
If you meet standing water or a ford (a ford is where a river or stream crosses over a road), you could end up dealing with aquaplaning or having to deal with driving through water, be extra careful. Should you need to drive through water keep the engine revs high while slipping the clutch to keep the car slow this will help keep the water out of the engine. Muddy Roads – hazard for motorcycles & cyclists, increased chance of skidding
Fog & Smoke – do not go out unless necessary, you must travel at a speed that you can stop within the distance you can see to be clear. Remember to slow down, use your dipped headlights and do not get to close or follow the rear light of the vehicle in front (tailgating). If the visibility drops below100 meters you are recommended to switch on your fog lights if they are fitted, remember to switch them off if you have a vehicle close behind you or the visibility increase above 100 meters. Sometimes the use of windscreen wipers can help you keep the windscreen clean (HC 234 -236)
Snow & Ice weather conditions – very dangerous only travel if really necessary, stopping distances increased by up to 10 times, route planning, awareness of dangers ( HC 228 – 231)
Windy Weather weather conditions – trouble for high-sided vehicles & motorcyclists, exposed / part exposed roads, cross winds, trailers Crosswinds – Wind is another hazard because it can affect your steering. A sudden gust can push your vehicle to one side and also at times when you pass the shelter of a bridge, embankment or large vehicle you might be affected. Motorcycles will be affected even more! Beware that high-sided vehicles or caravans can be affected so take care when they are about in high winds. (HC 232 – 233) Hot weather (HC 237)
Bright Sunlight – speed related to what you can see, temporary blinding / STOP, increased following distances
Dawn and Dusk – At these times the sun is very low on the horizon so that it can temporarily blind you. You can wear sunglasses at theses or any other time the sun starts to blind you but remember that the less you see the slower you should go. However, in the dark you should not drive with any form of sun or tinted glasses as they reduce what you can see.
Dark weather conditions (HC 94, 248 – 251)
While driving at night remember you cannot see as much as you can in day light and be aware that you can be dazzled or dazzle other road users. Consider this when driving and slow down to a speed you can see safely to stop in. Darkness problems– seeing pedestrians, dazzled by traffic, pools of darkness, cyclist, speed related to vision, lights use of, importance of being seen, lights use of, importance of being seen, lights use of, importance of being seen, lights use of, importance of being seen, Judgment of speed, bends, dipped headlights, motorways, care in built-up areas
Night Time Driving
Before driving at night, you need to be sure that all your lights are working and you are aware that you are going to see less than that which you see in daylight. This will normally mean driving slower than normal. Remember you should drive at a speed that you could stop within the distance you can see to be clear.
When in a built up area remember to try not to make to much noise. Also be extra vigilant for the vulnerable road users such as pedestrians & cycles because they may not be wearing light or reflective clothing and you could easily miss seeing them.
If driving with full beams remember to try and not dazzle any traffic that you might be following or is coming to wards you. If you are dazzled you will not be able to see as much as usual so you should reduce you speed even more or be prepared to stop until your night vision returns.
There are special rules concerning parking in the dark and the use of lights in conditions other than driving in the dark it would be well worth reading the Highway Code to find out more