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Basic Maintenance

Basic Maintenance (Driving 267 -279)

 Here is a list of the basic faults you should, as a driver is able to deal with. I would encourage you to find out how the car works and how to do basic maintenance.

 You should know how to deal with FAULTY BRAKES.

What to do if braking is ineffective

What to do if steering pulls to one side

What to do if warning lights show

What to do if handbrake does not work

You should know how to find and deal with FAULTY LIGHTS.

What to do if a light does not work

You should know how to recognise and deal with FAULTY STEERING.

What to do if steering feels heavy

What to do if steering vibrates at a specific speed.

You should know how to check and correct tyre pressure, Check the tyre tread depth and change a tyre. (Remember to check the spare wheel.)

Find out what and where your jacking points are. In addition, why you should always block the wheels from moving when jacking up the car.

You should know how to deal with basic ENGINE FAULTS.

What to do if car does not start

What to do if car misfires

What to do if Starter motor clicks or does not work

What to do if a squeaking noise is heard from engine compartment

What to do in cases of overheating

Why is a FAULTY EXHAUST SYSTEM Dangerous? – Lethal Fumes.

Why is a FAULTY SPEEDOMETER Dangerous? – Know your Real Speed.

Why is a FAULTY SEATBELT Dangerous? – It is not safe to travel without one.

SUSPENSION. You should know how to recognise faulty suspension. This can be checked by pushing the car down over the wheels in the front and see how quickly it stops bouncing.

Environmental Issues ( hc pages 89 – 90)


All new cars if running on petrol have a catalytic converter, which reduces the amount of carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. Some older cars run on leaded petrol that emits extra carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide, which affect the ozone layer. Diesel vehicles emit less carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide than leaded petrol but more than petrol engines with catalytic converters.

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