Basic Car Knowledge
This section acts as an introduction to learning to drive. Describing the different controls of the car and how to use them
This section looks at how we use different road Junctions
Driving on the Road
This section looks at some of the different problems found when driving on the road
- Adequate distances / Speed Limit / Stopping Distances
- Dealing with corners
- Eco Driving
- Emergence Stop / Skidding & Coasting
- Meeting traffic – how to deal with
- Parking safely on the road
- Planning and Assessment
- Road Signs & Markings
- Traffic Lights / Pedestrian Crossing / Railway Crossings
- Driving on the Road
This section looks at the different maneuvers that you could be asked to complete on the test
Useful Knowledge from the Highway Code
Planning A Journey
Useful information for after the Test
- Buying a car
- Car crash scam
- Cost of Running a car
- Dangers of using a Mobile Phones
- Dealing with being Old (Sage Training) or Disabled
- Driving Alone for the first time
- Driving an Automatic
- Driving in Europe
- Environmental issues related to driving a car
- History of the Driving Test
- Learning with families & Friends
- Non UK Drivers European & Non European
- Other Tests & becoming a Driving Instructor
- P plates
- Police Stop procedure
- Risk Assessment concerns for Companies
- Rules regarding the use of Tinted Windows
- Security, Car Parks, Home on the Road
- Towing & weight distribution
- Tyres & Changing Tyres
Show me Tell me
As part of your training you will need to prepare for the time the examiner will ask you questions about the car for the test.They are called the Show me Tell me or Vehicle Checks of the Practical Driving test
There will be about the safety checks you will need to make before taking the car out for a long drive or on a regular basis such as weekly or monthly depending on how much you use the car. Make sure the car is switched off & the key out of the ignition it would be better if the car engine is cold so you have less of a chance not hurting yourself
The safety checks you will need to make are: – POWER
Know how to check you have enough fuel NEVER mix Diesel & Petrol this can damage any engine.
Know how to check the Engine Oil & Brake Fluid with the engine oil make sure the engine is cold and the vehicle is level. Also know where the oil is put in to replenish them. Warnings make sure you use the correct oil for the car as mixing oils or using the incorrect oil can damage the car. Do not let the car run when there oil level is below the minimum or maximum levels as this can also damage the car.
Know how to check the coolant and washer levels. Do not attempt to check the coolant level unless the engine is cold do not let the water level go below or over the minimum or maximum levels as this too can damage the car. Also know how and where to replenish them.
Know how to check all the lights are working and how if necessary replace them make sure the headlights are properly set so that they do not dazzle other road users. Also make sure the lenses are clean so that other road users can see when you use your brakes or indicators Make sure the windscreen wipers are working as well as the horn.
Know how to check the tyres condition and pressure, plus check the windscreen wipers. Only check the tyres when they are cold not after you have been driving a while. Remember to check the spare tyre and replace all the valve caps. Do not over or under inflate as this can cause serious problems while driving. If you replace the tyre make sure that you know what you are doing and that you do not mix the different types of tyres.
When turning the wheels try to make sure the car is moving because dry steering can cause damage to your tyres and / or steering mechanisms.
Know how to recognise that the is a problem with the brakes such as the steering pulling to one side when the brakes are applied or the brake feels spongy or the parking brake does to hold the car when parked.
Remember that the car needs to be checked regularly by a professional by regular services.
Remember also that you will need to try to keep your windscreens clear so you can see out of them properly even if it is frosty or cold.
Check your reflectors and horn are working
You could be asked to open your bonnet and asked to identify (OIL) the Car Engine Oil & Brake Oil, also (WATER) the windscreen wiper fluid & Engine coolant.
You will be asked to show the examiner how you will check the Indicators, Brake Light, Head or Side Lights & Horn
You will be asked to show and tell the examiner how you would check the Tyre Pressures and where that information is kept in your car. Also you will need to show and explain how you know that the tread of your tyres are safe.
The examiner could ask you the show me tell me to show how you would check the Parking and foot brakes are working before you start a journey. They could also ask you how you would check your Power steering is working before you start a journey
Below is a list of safety check questions for car tests.
Vehicle Safety Checks have always been part of the officially recommended syllabus for learning to drive.
The source material is to be found in the DSA publication ‘Driving the essential skills’ and ‘the official DSA driving test’. Advice and information on how to carry out vehicle safety checks can also be found in the manufacturer’s handbook.
Here are some combinations of questions that are used on test.called the show me tell me Questions
Tell me’ questions
- Tell me how you’d check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off. Vehicle should not pull to one side.
- Tell me where you’d find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
Manufacturer’s guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don’t forget spare tyre, remember to refit valve caps.
- Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Note: Some restraints might not be adjustable
- Tell me how you’d check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
No cuts and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central three-quarters of the breadth of the tyre, and around the entire outer circumference of the tyre.
- Tell me how you’d check that the headlights and tail lights are working. You don’t need to exit the vehicle.
Explain you’d operate the switch (turn on ignition if necessary), then walk round vehicle (as this is a ‘tell me’ question, you don’t need to physically check the lights).
- Tell me how you’d know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.
Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.
- Tell me how you’d check the direction indicators are working. You don’t need to exit the vehicle.
Explain you’d operate the switch (turn on ignition if necessary), and then walk round vehicle (as this is a ‘tell me’ question, you don’t need to physically check the lights).
- Tell me how you’d check the brake lights are working on this car.
Explain you’d operate the brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows or doors, or ask someone to help.
- Tell me how you’d check the power-assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
If the steering becomes heavy, the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey, 2 simple checks can be made.
Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Alternatively turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.
- Tell me how you’d switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you’d use it/them. You don’t need to exit the vehicle.
Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use
- Tell me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you’d know the main beam is on.
Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.
- Open the bonnet and tell me how you’d check that the engine has sufficient oil.
Identify dipstick/oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against the minimum and maximum markers.
- Open the bonnet and tell me how you’d check that the engine has sufficient engine coolant.
Identify high and low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
- Open the bonnet and tell me how you’d check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
Identify reservoir, check level against high and low markings.
‘Show me’ questions
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you wash and clean the rear windscreen?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you wash and clean the front windscreen?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d switch on your dipped headlights?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d set the rear demister?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d operate the horn?
When it’s safe to do so, can you show me how you’d demist the front windscreen