Basic Car / Driving Knowledge
This section acts as an introduction to learning to drive. Describing the different controls of the car and how to use them
Basic Road Knowledge
This section looks at how we use different road Junctions
Driving on the Road
This section looks at some of the different problems found when driving on the road
- Adequate distances / Speed Limit / Stopping Distances
- Emergence Stop / Skidding & Coasting
- Planning and Assessment
- Traffic Lights / Pedestrian Crossing / Railway Crossings
- Road Signs & Markings
- Eco Driving
- Meeting traffic – how to deal with
- Dealing with corners
- Parking safely on the road
- Driving on the Road
This section looks at the different maneuvers that you could be asked to complete on the test
Emergence Stop / Skidding & Coasting
Look Assess Decide Act
Quick reactions save lives. (45 ft per sec. At 30 mph) (HC 117 – 122)
Braking is as normal, but quicker. Remember clutch before stopping.
Check the ability to stop at different speeds.
Practice will be needed to judge the correct amount of brake pressure taking into account the road and weather conditions. The average reaction time is 0.7 of a second from seeing a problem to moving your feet to the pedals
No special signals.
Do not make a special point of looking in mirror.
Stop Quickly under Control. Using the footbrake to stop and applying clutch just before stopping.
Know how to brake using Rhythmic or Cadence method.
ABS is an extra system added to the car to help you in an emergency stop. If the system senses you about to lock your wheels it will set in action a system that will apply then release the disk brakes quickly thereby reducing the chances of skidding
Once you have completed your emergency stop on the test secure the Hand Brake then put in Neutral. When the car is stationary
After Stopping Prepare Observe Manoeuvre 6 point observation before moving off. Signal if necessary.
LOSS OF contact with the road (SKIDDING)
The main cause is the driver:
Excessive Use of Controls i.e.
CARE Keep both hands on the steering wheel.
Keep your eyes open.
Avoid braking so hard that you lock any of the wheels.
Leave the clutch pedal alone until just before you stop. Stalling is less important than stopping.
Leave the handbrake alone except to secure the car when stationary.
Think about what the stopping distances look like.
If you are made to take evasive action. Try to keep calm; do not take your frustrations out on other road users. TRY TO KEEP CALM
REMEDIAL ACTION for Skidding
If you lose contact with the Road you will need to regain contact as quickly as possible. This is normally achieved by removing the cause so in over acceleration remove your foot off the accelerator. In the case of over braking remove your foot off the brake pedal (easier said than done) but remember if you need to stop you will need to reapply the brakes but nor quite so hard. With over steering reduce the amount of turn.
OTHER FACTORS involved when doing the emergency stop
Vehicle Handling Characteristics (see further training notes)
Weather, wet, icy road, fog or rain (HC 226-237)
Road Surface, camber.
As the tread of a tyre reduces then the stopping distance increase. Follow this link to find out more http://www.rospa.com/roadsafety/advice/motorvehicles/tread_depth.htm
USE OF MIRRORS MSM
Vision – Blindspots
Before stopping, changing direction and overtaking
YouTube videos about the emergency stop
ACCIDENTS and BREAKDOWNS
In the case of an accident try to consider yours & others safety.
When stopping are you Safe Legal Convenient? (HC 255 – 257)
Stopping near or on a Junction could be dangerous it might be worth trying to move the car to a safer place.
What about hard shoulders on a Dual carriageway or Motorway