Basic Car / Driving Knowledge
This section acts as an introduction to learning to drive. Describing the different controls of the car and how to use them
Basic Road Knowledge
This section looks at how we use different road Junctions
Driving on the Road
This section looks at some of the different problems found when driving on the road
- Adequate distances / Speed Limit / Stopping Distances
- Emergence Stop / Skidding & Coasting
- Planning and Assessment
- Traffic Lights / Pedestrian Crossing / Railway Crossings
- Road Signs & Markings
- Eco Driving
- Meeting traffic – how to deal with
- Dealing with corners
- Parking safely on the road
- Driving on the Road
This section looks at the different maneuvers that you could be asked to complete on the test
How to control your car
How to control your car
Practice moving off on a slight slope, moving off and stopping using the clutch only. Then try finding a slightly greater slope and then try using a combination of clutch and accelerator.
2 – 3 Car Length OK but more could be dangerous. You need to coast to change gear but problems start when travelling excessive distances say over 50ft. at 30 mph or coasting round a bend.
This is useful knowledge about How to control your car
On UPHILL starts more gas will be needed to provide the extra power required moving off. Prepare the car as normal, increase the revs to “a steady hum”. As the clutch is brought up, increase the gas slightly more. A balance of power is needed to control the speed and power to move off safely. (Driving 99 – 101) If you need to park facing up hill put the car in 1st Gear and turn the steering wheels away from the kerb
On DOWNHILL, starts prepare the car without any gas but use the foot brake to stop the car from moving. Then do the observation checks and moving-off procedures, as normal but instead of using gas use the foot brake to allow the car to move before using the accelerator as needed. If you are parking facing down hill put the car in Reverse and turn the wheels towards the kerb
IF THE CAR STALLS. There are three main causes
You held the handbrake on too long.
You brought up the clutch too rapidly.
You did not use enough gas. (Alternatively, a combination of all or some of these.)
Moving off at an Angle
Practice using the clutch and handbrake when moving off. Also consider the use of signalling and the timing as to when to use them when necessary.
Steering and How to control your car
As you are driving you will need to think about your steering when you first started to learn you were taught about the push & pull method of steering. Here is a little exercise to help you learn & practice your steering. Find an empty part of a car park. The idea of the exercise is to turn the car in sharp small circles making practicing turning straightening up & keeping the car slow by dipping the clutch & using the brake. Controlling the Car
Now with safe positioning you will need to think a little more about how and when you steer. There are things such as over steering when you turn the wheel more than needed to complete a manoeuvre and under steering when you turn too little. This can become dangerous.
A useful exercise to practice steering is to find a car park and turn some figure of eights making tight turns & straightening up keeping the car slow by dipping or using the clutch to keep the car slow.
Also there is something called dry steering this is turning the wheel when the car is stationary. This can cause damage to the tyres and wear out the steering mechanism. Imagine what happens when you use a pencil rubber the rubber wears out when. Now when you turn the steering wheel the front wheels will rub on the road & eventually wear out.
You should also be aware as to what causes the steering to become heavy / hard to turn. You could have an extra load such as passengers or heavy objects being carried in the car this can cause the steering to become heavy or harder to turn so more time will be needed to make the turn which then means the car will need to be slowed down so you remain in control of the car.
They can also effect your steering when you have a low pressure the steering becomes heavy as the tyre drag and when you have a high pressure the road holding is affected and can cause skidding (HC p 129)
(Try to know where the gears are without having to look.) When changing gear, press the clutch down and then let the gas up at about the same time. Move the gear lever into the desired position. Now set the gas then let the clutch up smoothly trying to keep the gear change smooth. You should try to learn what different ranges of power and speed each gear has. Practice changing gears up & down at different speeds. (You might find the car revs when changing gear the idea is to be able to change the gears without revving the engine this can be done with practice) If you are braking then use the brakes to slow you down to the appropriate speed before changing gear How to control your car
|Moving off Up Hill||Moving off Down Hill|
|Moving off as an Angled Start||Use of Gears explained|
|Use of the Clutch||The Pull Push Technique explained|
|How to use the gears|