Basic Car / Driving Knowledge
This section acts as an introduction to learning to drive. Describing the different controls of the car and how to use them
Basic Road Knowledge
This section looks at how we use different road Junctions
Driving on the Road
This section looks at some of the different problems found when driving on the road
- Adequate distances / Speed Limit / Stopping Distances
- Emergence Stop / Skidding & Coasting
- Planning and Assessment
- Traffic Lights / Pedestrian Crossing / Railway Crossings
- Road Signs & Markings
- Eco Driving
- Meeting traffic – how to deal with
- Dealing with corners
- Parking safely on the road
- Driving on the Road
This section looks at the different maneuvers that you could be asked to complete on the test
Turning into a Side Road
Main mirror and side mirror to check the speed and position of traffic behind you. (HC 161)
Timing! – Show what your intentions are clearly (HC 103)
MANOEUVRE for the turning into a side road exercise
Turning left – well to left (HC 182)
Turning right – left of centre wheels straight (HC 179 – 181)
One way Systems, Lane discipline, Road markings
Practice knowing position of car in road being aware of what is about considering road conditions.
SPEED (HC 122)
Not too fast or too slow on approach.
Use brakes to slow
If you are not sure what speed to deal with a corner, try to brake down to a fast walking speed say 10 – 15 mph and get the car into 2nd Gear with the clutch up 2 cars length before the junction.
Remember to slow using the brakes then select the appropriate gear depending on the speed you want to turn the corner in and have the clutch up Do Not Ride the Clutch Coasting. No more than 2 – 3 car lengths when turning into a side road
Try practicing slowing down and stopping, from different speed to find how much you need to brake and getting the right gear so you can pull away safely,
Your slowest speed should be at the point of turn. Stop if necessary. Giving priority to pedestrians already crossing.
Try not to be pressured into rushing into a manoeuvre by other traffic or circumstances.
LOOK (HC 221)
Check the main mirror, and the relevant side mirror, to see if it is still safe. THINK, “What do you assume is around the corner?” Look around as you approach the junction for pedestrians, cyclists, cars or any obstructions hiding dangers. Be prepared to give way to other road users who might have priority over you. Look into the junction for obstruction that could hide other road users that might cause you problems as you turn.
When in the new road & it is safe make another mirror check to see if anything has followed you in?
RIGHT HAND CORNER CUT
Avoid wherever possible. Know the dangers.
Do you know when to turn?
Do you know why cutting the corner with your Front or Back Wheels can be dangerous
CROSSING APPROACHING TRAFFIC
Guide to how to judge when to cross. Questions to answer
How fast is the oncoming traffic, is there a gap big enough to use? (HC 179 – 181)
How far away are they? Is it safe to enter the new road, is there an obstruction that could it be hiding a problem?
As you approach any junction you will be taught MSPSL. However as you approach there is also something else to consider, as you go through this procedure. You will need to consider Looking & Assessing how much you will need to turn, Decide when to turn, Act on the changing situations. This is called the LADA procedure and helps to make a Safer Driver
Be prepared to stop leave at least “Tyres & tarmac” providing room for vehicles ahead rolling back and an escape route for you. Leave a safety space.
Consider the use of the handbrake if waiting for any length of time. If you have been stationary for any time remember to give a blindspot check before moving looking for the Motorbike or Cyclist coming up the side of your car. turning into a side road