Here is a list of the basic faults you should, as a driver is able to deal with. I would encourage you to find out how the car works and how to do basic maintenance.
You should know how to deal with BRAKES Basic Faults.
What to do if braking is ineffective
What to do if steering pulls to one side
What to do if warning lights show
What to do if handbrake does not work
You should know how to find and deal with LIGHTS Basic Faults.
What to do if a light does not work
You should know how to recognise and deal with STEERING Basic Faults.
What to do if steering feels heavy
What to do if steering vibrates at a specific speed.
You should know how to check and correct tyre pressure, Check the tyre tread depth and change a tyre. (Remember to check the spare wheel.)
Find out what and where your jacking points are. In addition, why you should always block the wheels from moving when jacking up the car.
You should know how to deal with basic ENGINE Basic Faults.
What to do if car does not start
What to do if car misfires
What to do if Starter motor clicks or does not work
What to do if a squeaking noise is heard from engine compartment
What to do in cases of overheating
Why is a FAULTY EXHAUST SYSTEM Dangerous? – Lethal Fumes.
Why is a FAULTY SPEEDOMETER Dangerous? – Know your Real Speed.
Why is a FAULTY SEAT BELT Dangerous? – It is not safe to travel without one.
SUSPENSION. You should know how to recognise faulty suspension. This can be checked by pushing the car down over the wheels in the front and see how quickly it stops bouncing.
Environmental Issues ( HC pages 89 – 90)
EXHAUST EMISSIONS Basic Faults
All new cars if running on petrol have a catalytic converter, which reduces the amount of carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. Some older cars run on leaded petrol that emits extra carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide, which affect the ozone layer. Diesel vehicles emit less carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide than leaded petrol but more than petrol engines with catalytic converters.