Look at Crossroads


Main Mirror and Side Mirror. To check the speed and position of traffic behind you.   (HC 161)


Timing! – Show what your intentions are clearly.  (HC 103 )


Commence the Manoeuvre part of Crossroads


Turning left – keep well to the left        (HC 182)
Turning right – left of center wheels straight     (HC 179 – 181)
Going straight on – keep well to the left
One-way Systems, Lane discipline, Road Markings
Practice positioning the car depending on road conditions.


Not too fast, or too slow on approach. Use brakes to slow. Select the appropriate gear: first if you need to stop or second when at walking pace, depending on what you see. Do not Coast. Try not to coast for more than 2 – 3 Car lengths. Slowest speed at point of turn. Practice slowing and stopping at different speed sometimes using gears and clutches control. Practice stopping before junction, to start with it is better to stop a car length before the junction then creep forward than over run. Giving priority to pedestrians already crossing. Stop if necessary. Try not to be pressured into rushing into a manoeuvre by other traffic or circumstances.       (HC 122 & 170)


Remember the Brakes are to Slow & the Gears are to Go. So from you experience try to judge what speed you need to approach the Crossroads at try to get down to that speed before you arrive at the crossroads.


Check the main mirror, and the relevant side mirror, to see if it is still safe. THINK, “What do you assume is around the corner?” Scanning is now different from that used at T Junctions. Look around as you approach the junction for pedestrians, cyclists and cars. At the Crossroads look at any approaching traffic & try to get eye contact a try to asses there body language so you can asses what the other driver is going to do. Be prepared to give way to other road users who might have priority over you. When in the new road make another mirror check to see if anything has followed you in.                     (HC 211)


Decide on the type of junction you could be dealing with one of the following. A Closed Junction is a junction that you can not see if it is clear to emerge as you approach. An Open Junction is one that you can make a decision as to whether it is safe to go at least a couple of car lengths before the road markings.

Remember that the observations you need to make are not just Right Left Right but look to see if it is safe to emerge look out for motorcycles & cyclists. If there is an Obstruction remember it could hide other road users that could create you trouble as you emerge. Giving priority to pedestrians already crossing (HC 170 – 172)


A guide to how to judge when to cross when using a Crossroads. Questions to answer

How fast is the oncoming traffic, is there a gap big enough to use in both directions? (HC 179 – 181)

How far away are they?

Is it safe to enter the new road, is there an obstruction that could it be hiding a problem?

Consider using eye contact with other road users can help you establish what they are going to do.

Leave at least “Tyres & tarmac” if queuing. Consider the use of the handbrake if waiting for any length of time & to help your self when moving off. If you have been stationary for any time remember to give a blindspot check before moving looking for the Motorbike or Cyclist coming up the side of your car.

PRIORITY.when dealing with Crossroads What is & who has Priority?

DEALING WITH turning nearside to nearside and offside-to-offside at Crossroads.  Consider Safety First. What is the other driver going to do?  (HC 181)

RIGHT HAND CORNER CUT Avoid wherever possible. Know the dangers.


Controlled / Uncontrolled. (Traffic lights)     )

Priority major over minor.
Unmarked – Equal priority.
Box Junction (HC 174)
Just remember that you should not enter a box junction unless your exit is clear.

Turning Left Going Straingt on

Turning Right

Box Junctions

Crossroads 2

Crossroads 3 Crossroads Crossroads 4 Crossroads 5 Crossroads 6

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