When Emerging from a T junction THINK & ASSESS THE JUNCTION LOOKING FOR ROAD SIGNS, MARKINGS AND POSSIBLE PROBLEMS.
IS THIS A FIRST GEAR OR SECOND GEAR JUNCTION?
Main mirror and side mirror to check the speed and position of the traffic behind you. (HC 161)
Timing! – Show what your intentions are clearly. (HC 103 Driving 95 & 208)
MANOEUVRE Commence the manouvre part of the Emerging from a T junction excersise
Turning left – keeping well to the left (HC 182 Driving 163)
One way Systems, Lane discipline, Road markings (Driving 113 – 115)
Practice knowing position of car in road being aware of what is about considering road conditions.
Not too fast or too slow on approach. (Driving 70 & 127)
Use brakes to slow
If you are not sure what speed to deal with a corner, try to brake down to a fast walking speed say 10 – 15 mph and get the car into 2nd gear with the clutch up 2 cars length before the junction. Remember to slow using the brakes then select the appropriate gear depending on the speed you want to turn the corner in and have the clutch up Do Not Ride the Clutch Coasting No more than 2 – 3 car lengths. (HC 122Driving 94) Try practicing slowing down and stopping, from different speed to find how much you need to brake and getting the right gear so you can pull away safely,
Your slowest speed should be at the point of turn. Stop if necessary. Giving priority to pedestrians already crossing.
Try not to be pressured into rushing into a manoeuvre by other traffic or circumstances.
Check the main mirror, and the relevant side mirror, to see if it is still safe. THINK, “What do you assume is around the corner?” Look around as you approach the junction for pedestrians, cyclists, cars or any obstructions hiding dangers. Be prepared to give way to other road users who might have priority over you. Look into the junction for obstruction that could hide other road users that might cause you problems as you turn.
When in the new road & it is safe make another mirror check to see if anything has followed you in?
(HC 211 Driving 204)
Emerging from a T junction
Decide on the type of junction:
A Closed Junction is a junction that you can not see if it is clear to emerge as you approach.
As you approach a Closed Junction you should try to brake to about 5 – 10 mph one car length before the junction and make sure you are in 1st gear with the clutch up. This will give you extra time to make an Observation looking both Right & Left before deciding whether to stop or go
An Open Junction is one that you can make a decision as to whether it is safe to go at least a couple of car lengths before the road markings.
As you approach an Open Junction you should aim to be at 10 – 15 mph three car lengths before the junction and make sure you are in 2nd gear with the clutch up. This will give you time to make the observations to decide whether to deal with the junction as a closed junction or deal with the junction as safely as you can.
Remember that the observations you need to make are not just Right Left Right but look to see if it is safe to emerge look out for motorcycles & cyclists. If there is an Obstruction remember it could hide other road users that could create you trouble as you emerge. Be prepared to give priority to pedestrians already crossing (HC 146 – 159)
Know the dangers. Do you know when to look when you are Emerging from a T junction?
Do you know why cutting the corner with your Front or Back Wheels can be dangerous
How far away are they? Is it safe to enter the new road, is there an obstruction that could it be hiding a problem?
As you approach any junction you will be taught MSPSL. However as you approach there is also something else to consider, as you go through this procedure. You will need to consider Looking & Assessing how much you will need to turn, Decide when to turn, Act on the changing situations. This is called the LADA procedure and helps to make a Safer Driver
QUEUING when Emerging from a T junction
Be prepared to stop leave at least “Tyres & tarmac” providing room for vehicles ahead rolling back and an escape route for you. Leave a safety space.
Consider the use of the handbrake if waiting for any length of time. If you have been stationary for any time remember to give a blindspot check before moving looking for the Motorbike or Cyclist coming up the side of your car.
Crossing into a new road
A guide to how to judge when to cross. Questions to answer: (Driving 153)
How fast is the oncoming traffic, is there a gap big enough to use in both directions? (HC 179 – 181)
How far away are they?
Is it safe to enter the new road, is there an obstruction that could it be hiding a problem?
Consider using eye contact with other road users can help you establish what they are going to do.
Leave at least “Tyres & tarmac” if queuing. Consider the use of the handbrake if waiting for any length of time & to help your self when moving off. If you have been stationary for any time remember to give a blindspot check before moving looking for the Motorbike or Cyclist coming up the side of your car.
Advanced Stop Lines at Emerging from a T junction
As you approach a T-junction you should be able to recognise an advanced stop line sees Road markings
A Y junction is like a T Junction but you join a road at an Angle rather than as a square shape. This can cause a problem as there will be a need to make extra observations over a blind spot shoulder to be sure that you will not be joining onto a road with traffic you can not see.
Watch out for Signs & Road Markings
Remember that to turn right in a one-way system you will need to be in a different position to a normal road
You can overtake in a one way system on either side depending on you needs or other requirements at the time of overtaking so take extra care to watch out for other road users